1. Basilica de la Sagrada Familia
One of Europe's most unconventional churches, this spectacular basilica is the most famous sight in Barcelona. The UNESCO-listed Basilica de la Sagrada Familia stands in the northern part of the city, dominating its surroundings with its 18 spindly towers soaring high above all other monuments. The Basilica of the Sacred Family is also known in Spanish by its official name: Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família.
Antoni Gaudí was commissioned in 1883 to design this basilica as a neo-Gothic church. But instead of following the plans, he created a signature example of his famous surrealistic Art Nouveau architecture. He had no firm ideas in mind, preferring to alter and add to the plans as work progressed. Although Gaudí had originally forecast between ten and fifteen years, thechurch was never completed. As a result, the main work by the most important Catalan architect of modern times, remains just a shell, and nobody knows whether or when it will ever be completed.
Visitors are first struck by the lavish exterior with its expressive Nativity facade depicting the birth of Jesus, and the evocative Passion facade that illustrates the suffering, death, and resurrection of Jesus. Equally stunning, the interior is an immense space of 90 meters long by 60 meters high. The ceiling sparkles with opulent decorative details, and colorful stained-glass windows allow ethereal light to flow in. The apse features an unusual Crucifix rendered as a canopy with lanterns. The overall effect is jaw-dropping. Gaudí best captured the essence of his architectural masterpiece when he described it as "a work that is in the hands of God and the will of the people."
2. Barri Gòtic
For 2,000 years, the Gothic Quarter has been the spiritual and secular center of the city. Relics of ancient Roman buildings are still found here, but the Middle Ages are best represented by the historic monuments packed into this quarter. A masterpiece of Gothic architecture, the medieval cathedral stands on Monte Tabor, the highest point in the town center. This is where Christopher Columbus was received by the Catholic Monarchs after his first voyage to the New World, and since the 14th and 15th centuries, the city administrations have had their seat here.
Wander around aimlessly to discover this magical traffic-free medieval world, a delightful maze of narrow cobblestone streets and atmospheric alleyways. Discover picturesque quiet squares, enlivened by the sounds of people chatting and laughing or the strumming of Spanish classical guitar. Children often play a pickup game of soccer in the Gothic Quarter's hidden corners, and many little cafés with sidewalk terraces are found in quaint courtyards. With its inviting little boutiques, restaurants, and museums, the Gothic Quarter is a fun place for tourists to explore. Be sure to see the Picasso Museum and the Plaça del Rei town square where outdoor concerts are sometimes held.
3. La Rambla: Barcelona's Social Hub
The heart of Barcelona's social life is found on La Rambla, a broad, tree-shaded avenue that divides the Old Town into two parts. La Rambla stretches from the Plaça de Catalunya, where the beautiful Romanesque 12th-century Convent of Santa Anna stands, all the way down to the port. This wide street, featuring expansive pedestrian sidewalks, is lined with many shops, restaurants, and outdoor cafés, making it one of the most popular hangouts in the city. During the day, many locals are found here doing their everyday shopping at the Mercat de la Boqueria (91 La Rambla), a colorful market that sells fruits, vegetables, and other food products. At night, groups of friends and families take their evening paseo (stroll) on La Rambla to enjoy the fresh air and lively ambience. Tourists often enjoy the entertaining impromptu street performances. Depending on the day, onlookers might be treated to live music or a mime show.
On its northeast side, La Rambla borders the Barri Gòtic, and halfway down the avenue is the Plaça Reial, a lovely palm-fringed square enclosed by historic houses. These elegant buildings have arcades filled with shops, cafés, and restaurants. At the center is the Fountain of the Three Graces with a candelabra designed by Antoni Gaudí. Another important monument on La Rambla (number 3 - 5) is the Palau Güell, an ostentatious mansion designed in 1886 by Antoni Gaudí. The owner, Eusebi Güell, was a great patron of the arts, and the building was constructed with a large domed hall intended for poetry readings and private concerts. The entire building reflects Güell's enormous wealth, with sumptuous décor, valuable textiles, and handcrafted furniture created by Gaudí.
4. Parc Güell: Gaudí's Surrealist Park
Colorful, cheerful, and full of whimsy, this splendid surrealistic park is another UNESCO World Heritage Site designed by Antoni Gaudí. Created between 1900 and 1914, the Park Güell is beautifully landscaped and features architectural elements in Gaudí's signature style. Viaducts, grottoes, a colonnaded hall, winding staircases, and semi-closed conversation seats are scattered throughout the space. These creative structures are decorated in multicolored ceramic fragments. A spectacular terrace offers panoramic views of the city and the sea. Gaudí himself loved this area of the city, and his home was located here. Surrounded by a pleasant garden, the Casa Museu Gaudí occupies the house where Gaudi lived; the collection displays works of art, mostly decorative objects and furniture, designed by Gaudí.
5. Casa Mila
In the Eixample district off the elegant boulevard of Passeig de Gràcia, the UNESCO-listed Casa Milà is Antoni Gaudí's most famous secular building. Casa Mila is also affectionately known as "La Pedrera," which translates to "The Stone Quarry" because the building resembles an open quarry. Built between 1906 and 1912, this flamboyant avant-garde dwelling resembles a work of sculpture more than a functional building. Every line of the natural stone facade is curved, with rounded windows and metal balcony railings twining around in plant-like shapes. Even the roof has an undulating shape complemented by the decorative chimneys.
The entrance to the building is on the Carrer de Provença, through a remarkable wrought-iron gate that leads to an inner courtyard. The building is supported by ribbed arches that were designed for load-bearing purposes, a feature that reveals Gaudí's genius as a structural engineer. Visitors may walk around the roof terrace for an up-close look at the strangely shaped mosaic-adorned chimneys. The roof area also rewards visitors with sensational views across the city, with the outlook extending to the Basilica de Sagrada Família in the distance. Casa Mila houses the Fundació Catalunya cultural center that organizes events throughout the year. The monument is open to the public daily for visits, and audio guides are available. A welcome stop for tourists, the Cafè La Pedrera offers a relaxing place for a snack in a setting worthy of the venue.
6. Amusement Park and Scenic Views in Montjuïc
This hilltop neighborhood is on the site of an old Jewish cemetery, explaining its name "Mont Juïc," which translates to "Mountain of the Jews." Standing 213 meters above the sea, the hillside is crowned by a fortress on its summit and it slopes steeply down to the Mediterranean. This scenic area of the city is most famous for the Tibidabo Amusement Park, but is also known for its beautiful natural park with great views and superb museums. The National Art Museum of Catalonia has an exceptional collection of Catalan art from the 10th to the 20th centuries, including sculpture, paintings, drawings, engravings, and photography. The Poble Espanyol (Spanish Village) is another popular place to visit. This charming fabricated village was created for the 1929 World Exhibition. Montjuïc was the site of the 1992 Summer Olympics, and tourists may see the stadium where Olympic competitions were held.
7. Monestir de Pedralbes
A wonderful example of Catalan Gothic architecture, the Monestir de Pedralbes convent lies in a picturesque little park called the Jardines Reina Elisenda. This idyllic garden is filled with native shrubs, palms, cypresses, and shady trees. Queen Elisenda de Montcada founded the convent in 1326 for the Order of Saint Clare. The complex features a magnificent Gothic church, a serene three-story cloister, and peaceful convent buildings. Visitors enjoy relaxing in the tranquil setting and learning about the life and work of 14th-century nuns. Another highlight of a visit is the Monastery Museum, which displays an outstanding collection of medieval art from the 14th century as well as later religious art created through the 20th century.
8. Casa Batlló
Yet another amazing Gaudí creation, the UNESCO-listed Casa Batlló is one of the most characteristic Modernist buildings in Barcelona. The fantastical mansion was designed as a private residence for the textile manufacturer Josep Batlló i Casanovas. With its freely swinging shapes and ornamental facade, this dreamlike building looks like a castle from a surreal fairy tale. Most of the design details depart completely from any architectural precedent. The window frame on the first floor is bordered by swinging shapes that suggest plants, others resemble entrances to caves. On the facade, decorative glazed ceramic tiles in green, blue, and ochre colors add to the flamboyance. The wave-shaped roof, like that of Casa Milà, has numerous richly adorned chimneys. Gaudí also created the interior decorations, which can be seen in the Casa Museu Gaudí in the Güell Park. For those seeking a superb gourmet meal, the elegant Moments Restaurant, which boasts two Michelin stars is just a few steps away at 38 Passeig de Gràcia.
9. Museu de Zoologia
The Museu de Zoologia (Zoological Museum) is in the Parc de la Ciutadella in a Moorish-inspired building created for the 1888 World Exhibition. This building is popularly known as the Castell dels Tres Dragons (Castle of Three Dragons) because of its three towers. The extensive collection displays exhibits of diverse animal species, including insects, molluscs, fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds, mammals, and even the skeleton of a mammoth. The birds' eggs and conchological (shells) collections are especially interesting. All the collections are used for research and teaching purposes.
10. Museu Blau
In Forum Park near the sea and the Besòs River, the Museu Blau is housed in a sleek modern building constructed in 2004. Visitors are immersed in the fascinating world of biology and geology while exploring the extensive exhibits. In a space of 1,000 square meters, the museum educates visitors about the origin of life on earth. The earth section shows the diversity of rocks, minerals, microbes, and algae found on our planet. The evolution section shows different species and how they have evolved over time. Temporary exhibitions on various themes are held here throughout the year.